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Koi halamid chloramine treatment
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[Ecotao Home] [Chemicals] [Chloramine T] [Koi halamid]

Halamid-d

For disinfection of the pond after viruses or bacteria

Throughout the entire year you do your utmost to keep your fish in good condition and health. Nothing is more annoying than the great danger that hides in small things. This being the disinfection of pond and tools. You treat your fish, only net them when absolutely necessary, wear gloves during wound treatment, but has it ever occurred to you that there is a huge risk in contaminated nets or bowls? The serious koi hobbyists, even as the koi dealers are aware of this danger en take precaution measures.

Halamid-d® is active against white spot disease, costia, bacterial gill infections and external bacterial infections. Besides that is an excellent disinfection for your pond and tools after viral or bacterial problems.

No tolerance or resistance against Chloramine disinfectant has evolved to date. Halamid-d® continues to work for a longer period of time. It is in no way aggressive/corrosive to metals or other materials. By disinfecting the pond/quarantine with Halamid-d® parasites such as white spot (ichthyophthirius), Gyrodactylus, Costia, Chilodonella as well as fungi (Saprolegnia), algae and water pollution through bacteria are removed.

Chloramine effectiveness is based on latent chlorine and oxygen. It is commonly used in the agricultural and animal-care sector. The products is known for the very high level of stable and active substance. Halamid® initiates a chemical reaction (oxydation, in fact a combustion reaction) with micro-organisms. Therefore it is not possible that tolerance or resistance against Halamid-d® occurs.

Koi dealers have to deal each season with different fish from different sources. Nets and bowls are frequently used and exchanged. In that case you are very keen on preventing cross-contamination. Mostly that is done by using different filters. But besides that it is of great importance that nets, koisocks and bowls are disinfected after each use. The better dealer will disinfect his tools visibly before use. This is done with Halamid® (Chloramine).

Current prices

http://ecotao.co.za/assets/Literature/chloramineT-halamid-Ecotao-2016.pdf

Dosage / use

 Calculate in advance precisely the contents of the pond: length by width by depth. In case of parasites: add 3 gram per 1000 liters of pond water. Mix Halamid® in a bucket of water and spread equally over aquarium, pond or quarantine. In case of egg laying parasites we advise a second treatment after 10 days. A week after the last treatment refresh 10 % of the water.

With contamination, such as white spot, the treatment with Halamid® should be repeated 3 or 4 times with each time a minimal interval of three days. Increasing the water temperature of the aquarium / quarantine or pond till 28░ C. speeds up the cycle of white spot and the disinfection will therefore lead to faster results.

Dip: 1 gram per 7,5 liter water, for a maximum of 3 minutes. Make sure the water in the bowl is well aerated during the dip. In case of signs of stress immediately place the koi back in the pond. If contamination, such as white spot, is proved that the treatment with Halamid® should be repeated 3 or 4 times with each time a minimal interval of three days.

Beware: In case of soft acidic water (pH below 7), dose only half the amount. In case of very acidic water (pH below 4) it is strongly advised to temporary relocate the fish until the Halamid®  is no longer active. Never increase the dosage of Halamid®.

Warning: No smoking while using Halamid® . Avoid contact with eyes and skin, wear plastic gloves. Dangerous if taken in. Keep out of reach from children. No feeding during treatment. Filters should be short circuited and well aerated. Halamid-d®  is not to be combined with medicines or salt. Doing so is at your own risk. Halamid®  is not to be used if the percentage of salt is over 0,3 %. Halamid®  is not to be used at a water temperature below 13 ░C.

Disinfecting accessories / plants

Equipment and accessories such as nets, bowls and new plants are to be placed during 15 minutes in a bucket of tap water with 150 gram Halamid-d® per 10 liters. Never increase the dosage. Only to be used if advised by a veterinarian or qualified expert. The use of Halamid®  in the give dosages and frequencies is not harmful for plants or fish. Halamid®  as well as disinfecting in general can temporarily disturb the biological balance in the pond water.

Recommendation for dealers

Place used nets and koisocks in a bowl with tapwater, add 200 gram Halamid® per 10 liters of tapwater.  Regularly refreshing of water is advisable.

Tested effectiveness

Halamid / Chloramine-T has been shown to be effective against the following:

 

Viruses

Viruses

Viruses

Herpes virus

Rabies virus (fixed)

Adenovirus

Human Immuno-Deficiency virus (HIV)

Reovirus

African swine fever virus

Human rotavirus

Retro virus

Aujeszky Disease virus

Infectious bronchitis virus

Rhino pneumonic virus

Avian reovirus

Infectious bursitis virus

South African Pest virus

Canine parvovirus

Infectious pancreatic necrosis

Swine fever virus

Celovirus

Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus

Systematic ectodermal and mesodermal

Classical swine fever virus

Influenza virus

baculo virus (SEMBV)

Corona virus

Irido virus (ASFV)

Teschen virus

Coxsackie virus

Myxomatosis virus

Toga virus

Diphteria virus

New Castle Disease virus (NCD)

Vaccinia virus

Ektromelie virus

Nuclear polyhedron virus

Vesicular Swine Disease virus

Encephalomyocarditis virus

Orthopox commune virus (vaccinia)

White spot disease virus (SMBV)

Enteric cytop. bovine orphan virus

Paramyxo virus

 

(ECBO)

Pepino mosaic virus

 

European swine fever virus

Picorna virus

 

European swine fever virus

Poliovirus

 

Foot and Mouth Disease virus

Porcine parvovirus

 

Fowl plague virus

Pox virus

 

Fowl pox virus

Pseudo Bird Pest virus

 

Gumboro Disease virus

 

 

Hepatitis B virus

 

 

Hepatitus contagiosa canine virus

 

 

 

Bacteria

Bacteria

Bacteria

Salmonella durban

Erwinia carotovora

Achromobacter anitratus

Salmonella livingstone

Escherichia coli

Acinetobacter spp

Salmonella newbrunswick

Escherichia tarda

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Salmonella newport

Flavobacterium branchiophilum

Aeromonas hydrophila

Salmonella oranienburg

Flavobacterium columnaris

Aeromomas salmonicida

Salmonella paratyphi B

Flavobacterium haematocrits

Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Salmonella pullorum

Flexibacter maritimus

Alcaligenes faecalis

Salmonella rostock

Isaria farinosa

Bacillus antaecis

Salmonella senftenberg

Lactonacillus spp.

Bacillus anthracis

Salmonella thompson

Legionella pneumophila

Bacillus cereus

Salmonella typhimurium

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Bacillus diphteria

Sarcina lutea

Listeria monocytogenes

Bacillus dysentery

Shigella boydii

Micrococcus avium

Bacillus mesentericus

Shigella sonnei

Micrococcus citreus

Bacillus subtilis spores

Spicaria pracina

Micrococcus pyogenes

Bacillus subtilus

Staphylococcus aureus

Moraxella spp

Bacillus thuringiensis

Staphylococcus aureus haemolyticus

Mycobacterium avium

Bacterium enteritidis Gaertner

Staphylococcus bag

Mycobacterium lacticola

Bacterium paratyphi

Staphylococcus paratyphosa B

Mycobacterium minetti

Bacterium rhusopathea

Staphylococcus pyogenes

Mycobacterium pellegrino

Bacterium septicamiae haermorigicael

Streptococcus agalactiae

Mycobacterium phlei

Bacterium typhi gallinarum

Streptococcus faecalis

Mycobacterium piscium

Brucella abortus bang

Streptococcus faecium

Mycobacterium smegmatis

Brucella suis

Streptococcus lactis Blaser Sveitsi

Mycobacterium vole bacillus

Campylobacter spp. Jejuni

Vibrio alginoliticus

Pasteurella

Clavibacter michiganese

Vibrio anguilarum

Pediococcus cerevisiae

Clostridium welchii

Vibrio cholerae

Proteus mirabilis

Clostridium sporogenes

Vibrio harveyi

Proteus vulgaris

Clostridium bifermentas

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Clostridium tertium

Vibrio salmonicida

Pseudomonas fluorescens

Clostridium histolyticum

Vibrio vulnifious

Pseudomonas fragi

Clostridium caloritolerans

Yersinia enterocolitica

Pseudomonas putida

Corynebacteriummichiganese

Yersinia pseudo-tuberculosis

Pseudomonas putrefaciens

Corynebacterium spp.

Yersinia ruckerii

Pseudomonas pyocyanea

Enterobacter aerogenes

Xanthomonas hyacinthi

Pseudomonas solanacearum

Enterobacteriaceae Citrobacter

 

Pseudomonas tolaasii

Enterobacteriaceae Hafnia

 

Pyocyaneus

Enterobacteriaceae Klebsiella

 

Salmonella anatum

Enterobacteriaceae Kluvera

 

Salmonella dublin

Enterobacteriaceae Serratia

 

 

Enterococcus faecium

Fungi

Parasites

Algae

Aspergillus amstellodami

 

Anabaena cylindrica

Aspergillus flavus

Epistylis

Chlorella vulgaris

Aspergillus fumigatus

Gill trematoda

Oscillatoria tenuis

Aspergillus gr. glaucus

Gyrodactylus salaris

Skeletonema sp.

Aspergillus niger

Ichtyobodo necator

Stigeoclonium sp.

Aspergillus oryzae

Ichtyophthirius multifillis

Tetraselmis sp.

Aspergillus ochraceus

Labyrinthuloides haliotides

 

Aspergillus versicolor

(Labyronthomorpha)

 

Byssochlamys nivea

Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis

 

Chaetomium globosum

 

 

Cladosporium herbarum

 

 

Cladosporium cladosporoides

 

Yeasts

Entomophthora destruens

 

Candida albicans

Entomophthora thaxteriana

 

Cryptococcus spp

Entomophthora virulenta

 

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Epidermophyton floccosum

 

Saccharomyces diastaticus

Fusarium moniliforme

 

 

Geotrichum candidum

 

 

Microsporum canis

 

 

Microsporum gypseum

 

 

Myrothecium verrucaria

 

 

O÷spora lactis

 

 

Paecillomyces variotii

 

 

Penicillumcyclopium

 

 

Penicillium funiculosum

 

 

Penicillum granulatum

 

 

Penicillum roqueforti

 

 

Penicillium verruccosum

 

 

Saprolegnia parasitica

 

 

Tilletia caries

 

 

Trichoderma viride

 

 

Trichophyton equinum

 

 

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

 

 

Wallemia ichthyophaga

 

 

 

Testing continues. Please contact us if your troublesome bacteria, virus or fungus is not listed. There are no bacteria and viruses known to which Halamid® is not effective.

The actual required dosage is dependant on practical conditions, such as contact time, organic matter and temperature, which may be different from testing circumstances

 

 

 


 

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