For disinfection of the pond after viruses or bacteria
Throughout the entire year you do your utmost to keep your fish in good condition and health. Nothing is more annoying than the great danger that hides in small things. This being the disinfection of pond and tools. You treat your fish, only net them when absolutely necessary, wear gloves during wound treatment, but has it ever occurred to you that there is a huge risk in contaminated nets or bowls? The serious koi hobbyists, even as the koi dealers are aware of this danger en take precaution measures.
Halamid-d® is active against white spot disease, costia, bacterial gill infections and external bacterial infections. Besides that is an excellent disinfection for your pond and tools after viral or bacterial problems.
No tolerance or resistance against Chloramine disinfectant has evolved to date. Halamid-d® continues to work for a longer period of time. It is in no way aggressive/corrosive to metals or other materials. By disinfecting the pond/quarantine with Halamid-d® parasites such as white spot (ichthyophthirius), Gyrodactylus, Costia, Chilodonella as well as fungi (Saprolegnia), algae and water pollution through bacteria are removed.
Chloramine effectiveness is based on latent chlorine and oxygen. It is commonly used in the agricultural and animal-care sector. The products is known for the very high level of stable and active substance. Halamid® initiates a chemical reaction (oxydation, in fact a combustion reaction) with micro-organisms. Therefore it is not possible that tolerance or resistance against Halamid-d® occurs.
Koi dealers have to deal each season with different fish from different sources. Nets and bowls are frequently used and exchanged. In that case you are very keen on preventing cross-contamination. Mostly that is done by using different filters. But besides that it is of great importance that nets, koisocks and bowls are disinfected after each use. The better dealer will disinfect his tools visibly before use. This is done with Halamid® (Chloramine).
Dosage / use
Calculate in advance precisely the contents of the pond: length by width by depth. In case of parasites: add 3 gram per 1000 liters of pond water. Mix Halamid® in a bucket of water and spread equally over aquarium, pond or quarantine. In case of egg laying parasites we advise a second treatment after 10 days. A week after the last treatment refresh 10 % of the water.
With contamination, such as white spot, the treatment with Halamid® should be repeated 3 or 4 times with each time a minimal interval of three days. Increasing the water temperature of the aquarium / quarantine or pond till 28° C. speeds up the cycle of white spot and the disinfection will therefore lead to faster results.
Dip: 1 gram per 7,5 liter water, for a maximum of 3 minutes. Make sure the water in the bowl is well aerated during the dip. In case of signs of stress immediately place the koi back in the pond. If contamination, such as white spot, is proved that the treatment with Halamid® should be repeated 3 or 4 times with each time a minimal interval of three days.
Beware: In case of soft acidic water (pH below 7), dose only half the amount. In case of very acidic water (pH below 4) it is strongly advised to temporary relocate the fish until the Halamid® is no longer active. Never increase the dosage of Halamid®.
Warning: No smoking while using Halamid® . Avoid contact with eyes and skin, wear plastic gloves. Dangerous if taken in. Keep out of reach from children. No feeding during treatment. Filters should be short circuited and well aerated. Halamid-d® is not to be combined with medicines or salt. Doing so is at your own risk. Halamid® is not to be used if the percentage of salt is over 0,3 %. Halamid® is not to be used at a water temperature below 13 °C.
Disinfecting accessories / plants
Equipment and accessories such as nets, bowls and new plants are to be placed during 15 minutes in a bucket of tap water with 150 gram Halamid-d® per 10 liters. Never increase the dosage. Only to be used if advised by a veterinarian or qualified expert. The use of Halamid® in the give dosages and frequencies is not harmful for plants or fish. Halamid® as well as disinfecting in general can temporarily disturb the biological balance in the pond water.
Recommendation for dealers
Place used nets and koisocks in a bowl with tapwater, add 200 gram Halamid® per 10 liters of tapwater. Regularly refreshing of water is advisable.
Halamid / Chloramine-T has been shown to be effective against the following:
Rabies virus (fixed)
Human Immuno-Deficiency virus (HIV)
African swine fever virus
Aujeszky Disease virus
Infectious bronchitis virus
Rhino pneumonic virus
Infectious bursitis virus
South African Pest virus
Infectious pancreatic necrosis
Swine fever virus
Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus
Systematic ectodermal and mesodermal
Classical swine fever virus
baculo virus (SEMBV)
Irido virus (ASFV)
New Castle Disease virus (NCD)
Nuclear polyhedron virus
Vesicular Swine Disease virus
Orthopox commune virus (vaccinia)
White spot disease virus (SMBV)
Enteric cytop. bovine orphan virus
Pepino mosaic virus
European swine fever virus
European swine fever virus
Foot and Mouth Disease virus
Fowl plague virus
Fowl pox virus
Pseudo Bird Pest virus
Gumboro Disease virus
Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitus contagiosa canine virus
Salmonella paratyphi B
Bacillus subtilis spores
Staphylococcus aureus haemolyticus
Bacterium enteritidis Gaertner
Staphylococcus paratyphosa B
Bacterium septicamiae haermorigicael
Bacterium typhi gallinarum
Brucella abortus bang
Streptococcus lactis Blaser Sveitsi
Mycobacterium vole bacillus
Campylobacter spp. Jejuni
Aspergillus gr. glaucus
Testing continues. Please contact us if your troublesome bacteria, virus or fungus is not listed. There are no bacteria and viruses known to which Halamid® is not effective.
The actual required dosage is dependant on practical conditions, such as contact time, organic matter and temperature, which may be different from testing circumstances